Symbology

The ancient symbology of the Spiral
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The spiral is a decorative and frequent symbolism with ancient origins. Probably it was used in its origins by Celts as a symbol of the expanding universe and life dinamicity.    A spiral in San Gimignano (Si)   Like other … Read More

The Labyrinth between history and mythology
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The term “labyrinth” certainly comes from the Greek labýrinthos (λαβύρινθος), also derived from Labrys, a particular axe with a double blade. This weapon symbolized the government of the King of Crete, Minos. Hence, in ancient times the “labyrinth” was considered … Read More

The St. John’s Knot and the Knot of Revelation
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The St. John’s Knot [1] is an ancient symbol dating back to many centuries before Christ, that has its origins in Northern Europe. The symbol appears in a 5th century BC remain, known as “Hablingo Stone” which was found at … Read More

The ancient symbolism of the Vesica Piscis
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The Vesica Piscis, known also as Almond, is a decorative symbol used by several cultures from Europe, Asia and Middle East.  Graphically it is the central part of a figure obtained by the overlap of two circles. In fact, the … Read More

The Christograms and the Monogram of Christ
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The term “Christograms” defines a combination of Greek or Latin words which indicates the name of Jesus Christ. The need to shorten the name of Christ was born during the Christian persecutions of the first centuries.  However, the Christograms were … Read More

The symbology of the ophitic columns
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The ophitic (from the Greek òphis, snake) or knotted columns represent a decorative and symbolic elements whose meaning is debated. They are strictly related to the religious architecture. For this reason it is possible to find them mainly in cathedrals … Read More

The ancient and medieval symbology of the griffin
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Among the large number of terrestrial bestiary symbols enriching the religious buildings and the medieval palaces, it is possible to identify the griffin. Nonetheless, the representation of this mythological creature had had a great spread since the Classical age.    … Read More

The dragon in the medieval symbology
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The symbology of the dragon, spread in the Eastern and Classical cultures, faced a great diffusion during the Middle Age preserving the same iconographic representations overtime.   Some examples are the various friezes that decorate the Romanesque and Gothic churches of … Read More

The Sator Square
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1.The enigmatic Sator Square   It was November 12th, 1936. The archeologist Matteo della Corte was doing an inspection in the Gymnasium at the archaeological site of Pompeii [1]. This large building, dating back to the 1st century BC, today … Read More

The symbology of the Omphalos
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  The Omphalos (also known as Sacred Center) belongs to a rich set of exoteric symbols, largely used for decoratives scopes and with a great symbolic tradition. This fascinating symbol corresponds to eight linear segments converging towards a central point … Read More

The ancient symbolism of the swastika
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Introduction The symbology of the swastika is much more ancient than you think. The first archaeological evidences dated back to the Neolithic, whose specimens are known at the rock engravings of the Val Camonica. It is the case of the … Read More

The Camunian Rose
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The Camunian Rose is an ancient symbolism dated back to the Iron Age and frequently found among the rock carvings of the Val Camonica. Particularly, among the 300.000 petroglyphs of the various archaeological sites of the valley, there are 92 … Read More

The Chessboard
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The chess game has ancient origins. These could be found in India, because over there was the chaturanga, a set of rules that would have anticipated the current ones. It may also derive from the old Chinese game of the xianggi. … Read More

The Siren
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Since its anciest conception, the siren symbolism is permeated by a terrifying and dangerous aura. It represents the man’s condition in the grip of the spell: the lost of the ultimate intellect, in favor of the abandonment to the senses and … Read More

The Solomon’s Knot
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The Solomon’s knot is a mysterious symbolism. Graphically it is composed by two or more rings intertwined in an inseparable way. Historical background of the Solomon’s knot The anciest findings of the Solomon’s knot date back to the prehistory, although … Read More

The Merels Board: a symbol or just a game?
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The Merels Board is a symbol frequently found in the mysteric archeology as a graffiti, sculpture or engravings of the Medieval period.       Merels Board at Campiglia Marittima (LI)   Recent studies sustain there is a link between the … Read More

The Cross Pattée and the Maltese Cross
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The Cross Pattée is one of the identification symbols of the Knights of the Temple in Jerusalem. It is a little red cross that the Knights Templar had on their armors. The symbolism was usually white or black for sergeants, … Read More

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